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how does a turbocharger work?

How does a turbocharger work?

Turbochargers are used for high performance cars and trucks as well as for large diesel  engines.  The purpose of a turbocharger is to maximize and exceed the current level of output of powerTurbochargers increase horsepower of an engine without any noticeable difference in overall vehicular weight or aerodynamic.  In doing so the turbocharger undertakes extreme ranges of environmental conditions and heat.  Critical components of the turbocharger include wastegates, ceramic or metal blades, and sometimes ball bearings.

Known as using what is known as "forced induction" turbochargers compress the air that flows to the engine, allowing the engine to squeeze more fuel air into the cylinders of the turbocharged engine.  Like a shoehorn the turbocharger packs the cylinders with more fuel and air than typically or easily would fit.    Greater power is derived by the cylinder, creating more substantial explosions in the cylinders. 

Inside the housing of the turbo a turbine is spun by the flow of exhaust coming from the engine.  This actions causes an air pump to spin.  These rotations are known to go up to 150,000 rotations per minute; also interesting to note is that this rate is thirty times faster than the uncharged engine.  By increasing the volume of air and fuel an engine burns the turbocharger truly is a beastTurbochargers will turn your father's Oldsmobile into The Little Ol' Lady From Pasadena-Mobile.

Nomenclature: The turbo unit gets bolted to the exhaust manifold of the engine. .  The turbines are connected to the compressor by a shaft.  The compressor is located between an intake manifold and air filter. 

The exhaust from the cylinders spin the turbines inside the turbocharger and the greater the flow of exhaust through the blades the greater the speed at which they spin.  The compressor pressurizes the air that goes into the piston.  

At speeds up to 150,000 rpm fluid bearings are required within the turbocharger.  The fluid bearing supports the shaft on a layer of oil that is pumped around the shaft; cooling the shaft and preventing friction.

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